Skip to main content

What is a Root Canal?

The structure of the tooth includes a crown and a root. The crown is the part of the tooth that is above the gum, and the tooth’s root is directly in the jawbone. Nerves run along the entire length of the tooth, from the pulp chamber to the point of entry of the nerve. These nerves are located in narrow canals – as known as the root canals of the tooth. Root canal treatment involves intervention in the inner cavity of the tooth, in the part that occupies the nerve endings.

Benefits of a Root Canal

Modern dentistry cannot be imagined without the use of innovations that take root canal treatment to a new level. One of the most advanced root canal treatments is the use of a dental microscope. Powerful optics allows you to increase the view by 32 times, given that the channel diameter is usually no more than 1 mm, it is simply impossible to process it qualitatively without the help of optics.

Benefits of treating a tooth under a microscope:


The endodontist sees in detail the canals, features of their structure, each branch, depth, and direction.

The microscope makes it possible to remove only the affected and dead tissue, without injuring healthy ones.

Due to the targeted effect on the tissues, the best result of the intervention is provided, eliminating the likelihood of perforations, as well as other problems and complications.

Therapeutic (biological) in which all or part of the pulp is preserved. Manipulations can be carried out directly - the dentist inserts a drug into the dental cavity, separates the pulp chamber with an insulating pad, and installs a temporary filling.

Surgical (pulp extirpation) - removal of all neurovascular tissue, cleaning, disinfection, and sealing of dental cavities. Root channels are processed in one of the following ways: Classical filling of tooth canals - filling voids with filling material, vertical condensation by injection of thermoplasticized gutta-percha, and filling using thermophiles - hot gutta-percha on a carrier.

Implant-supported Bridges.

They are similar to regular dental bridges but are supported by dental implants instead of natural teeth. Implant-supported bridges are used when you have more than one missing tooth. They are also used when you have a high chance you could place extreme pressure on unconnected individual implants.

Who are Root Canlas For?

Before treatment, it is necessary to determine whether the tooth really needs endodontic therapy. The doctor makes a conclusion based on clinical and radiological data. In addition, there are basic indications for necessary root canal treatment. Pulp inflammation of the tooth is one of them, here are the main symptoms of pulpitis:

  • Spontaneous pain that occurs at night. General tooth pain;
  • In the process of caries treatment, it is found that the nerve tissue is deeply infected due to tooth damage;
  • Repeated discoloration of the gums around the tooth, increased sensitivity and swelling;
  • Death of dental pulp tissue (necrosis). Although the tooth needs immediate treatment for necrosis, its identification is quite problematic;
  • Recurrent formation on gums. This is a sign that there is an outflow of pus from the infected tooth, which leads to bad breath;
  • Teeth that are damaged through an accident. The condition of damaged teeth can deteriorate significantly and there will be a need for root canal treatment.

Recommendations after the treatment

For some time after the procedure for treating the root canals of the teeth, pain may appear, more often associated with mechanical action on the tooth – for example, during a meal. This is completely normal. The effect of anesthesia ends, the body begins to respond to artificial intervention. To avoid discomfort, you can take pain relievers of different strengths depending on the severity of the pain.

In case of edema after the procedure, you can apply the ice to the outside of the cheek from the side of the treated tooth. If the pain persists within a few days or, even worse, intensifies, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid even greater complications.